The draft National Decentralization Strategy to be discussed within public consultations
Chisinau – April 4, 2011 – During April 4-15, 2011, the State Chancellery organized the first round of public consultations on the draft National Decentralization Strategy in 10 localities of the Republic of Moldova. The process of consultations started today in Hancesti and will continue in Cahul, Edinet, Ungheni, Chisinau, Orhei, Balti, Comrat, Soroca and Causeni.
The purpose of the public consultations is to inform the general public about the reform that aims to strengthen the local autonomy and to consult the public opinion in order to improve the final document of the Strategy that will represent a consolidated vision, a consensus of the governmental authorities, NGOs and all members of the society.
In the framework of the consultative meetings, the representatives of central and local government, as well as of the civil society from the administrative-territorial units will discuss the vision on the decentralization process, the essence of the Decentralization Strategy and the issues regarding human rights based approach and gender equality.
The National Decentralization Strategy is the main policy document in the field of local government. The document was developed within the Working Groups of the Parity Commission on Decentralization, with the support of the development partners, representatives of central and local government, civil society, academia and scientific society.
The draft Strategy sets the national mechanisms of the decentralization process and ensurance of a genuine local autonomy, the areas of intervention, objectives, stages and activities needed to achieve the proposed tasks and objectives. Thus, the Strategy has 7 intervention areas: decentralization of services and competences, financial decentralization, patrimonial decentralization, local development, administrative capacity, institutional capacity, democracy, ethics, human rights and gender equality. The Strategy is to be implemented in 2 phases: stage I –specific actions will be developed and approved for the efficient implementation of the decentralization process and achievement of the objectives outlined in the Strategy. The second stage envisages the implementation of the sectoral actions.
The final goal of the decentralization reforms is to strengthen the capacity of the local government and to improve the management and quality of public services delivered to the citizens, in particular to the vulnerable groups.
In the process of decentralization and strengthening of local autonomy, the Government of the Republic of Moldova is supported by the Joint Integrated Local Development Programme, implemented with the assistance of UNDP, UN Women and with the financial support of the Swedish Government, as well as of the Council of Europe.