UN Women Sub-Regional Office for Eastern Europe and Central Asia (former UNIFEM) has been actively working in Moldova since early 2003 and extended continuous support through various programmes and activities aimed at creating an enabling environment for gender equality, recognized as a prerequisite for sustainable development with a strong and active policy on gender equality. In fall 2009, UN Women has successfully mobilized additional financial support from Swedish International Development Cooperation Agency (Sida) to continue its efforts in the country on promoting gender equality and women’s advancement with the focus on implementation of gender equality legislation, Convention on Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination (CEDAW) and other gender equality legislative and policy obligations of the state.
Through a participatory process, during September – December 2009 UN Women managed to raise additional funds for implementation of the Programme “Women’s Economic Empowerment through Increased Employability in the Republic of Moldova”. The Programme is aimed at addressing the needs of the rural and sub-urban population, especially poor women in exercising their social and economic rights through increasing access to quality information and services in employment and social protection areas.
This will be achieved through improving local services, building capacity of the relevant institutions as well as improving policy and legislation based on the gaps identified through their practical application on the ground. The program is designed to be fulfilled within four years in line with the Government priorities set for 2009-2013 as well as the Reforms launched by the State in the areas of labor market and social protection.
The Program’s Development Objective is to make women in rural and sub-urban areas of Moldova be informed, empowered and able to better benefit of their social and economic rights.
The baseline information collected suggests that support should be provided to improve the coordination within the Ministry of Labour, Social protection and Family (MLSPF), to mainstream gender into the operations of the MLSPF departments responsible for promoting policies on labour and employment, as well as to raise the profile of gender issues within the National Employment Agency (NEA) and the Labour Inspection (LI). Considering the importance of the LI for the enforcement of WHR in the workplace, it was recommended that activities to support the LI planned in the program are scaled up. It is important to note that the current proposal on improving the Gender Equality Law (Law no. 5 of 9 February 2006, MO47-50 of 24 March 2006)) implementation mechanism, strongly recommends adding Labour Inspectorate as one of the key public institution for identification of discrimination in the work place. Thus, it is imperative to assist the LI in introducing a mechanism for recording and acting upon cases of women’s discrimination on the job place.
For example, in 2009, the LI inspected 7,073 companies, which employ over 239,000 employees, out of which 119,000 women and 102 minors. Approximately half of the inspections (3,550) were geared towards checking workplace safety and health standards. As a result of these controls, 38,071 different violations have been recorded. Although according to LI representatives, cases of WHR violations are often identified during controls (such as dismissal or refusal to hire pregnant women or women with small children, hiring women on an unofficial payroll, and failing to provide adequate work conditions), no mechanism exists for recording such violations or even for reporting sex-disaggregated data.
Considering the current limitations within the LI, including limitation in increasing staff numbers, as a result of excessive hiring in the public sector in the past and the recent economic crisis, it was decided to support the LI in the use of informational technology to make its work more efficient for the direct benefit of women and the overall workforce. This includes assisting the LI in purchasing and/ or developing a specialized soft/programs supplemented with some basic equipments for target localities for the Labor Inspectorate to be able to both benefit from the electronic data base of norms and regulations as well as enable them to record and monitor the cases of violations of WHR on the job place through effective use/application of IT. Since this will be a first time LI using IT tools in their work, UN Women will contract an IT consultant to help LI in ensuring the development and application as well as management of the data base.
For more details, please read the Terms of Reference and Individual Consultant Procurement Notice.
Under the overall guidance of WEE CTA and supervision of Programme Analyst, as well as in close cooperation with the Labor Inspection, the consultant will have to (i) support the oversee the implementation of the developed system/data base and (ii) provide on-the-job training to LI staff to effectively manage and maintain the database/software.
More specifically the consultant will be liable for providing the following services:
- Work in conjunction with international consultant and the local company to develop the data base/software on ensuring the development and application of the system of indicators;
- Maintain and update written instructions, forms and guidelines for the data base/monitoring system for all regional LI offices as well as for the central one;
- Provision of hands on advice/training both for IT staff as well as for the labor inspectors in respect of software applications;
- Audit the accuracy of information being provided through the reporting; data collection and monitoring system and follow up any discrepancies to ensure corrective action has been taken;
- Provide advice and guidance into the types of qualitative and quantitative data (key indicators) that should be collected within the database. Include quantitative and qualitative indicators for monitoring;
- Ensure that the reports produced by the database/software are in compliance with the requirements of LI and in accordance with the Technical Specifications provided by international consultant;
- In conjunction with LI IT staff, and upon request of LI management, conduct regular audits (site visits) of LI territorial offices to evaluate the level of use of the data base and provide post development support packages e.g. consultancy, training etc. in relation to the needs of the local LI organizations.
- For detailed information, please refer to Annex 1- Terms of Reference