There are currently more than 170,000 persons with disabilities in Moldova. Persons with disabilities face discrimination, social exclusion, poverty, unemployment, low quality education and inaccessibility to the general system of social protection. The Soviet system has left a legacy of over-reliance on institutionalization, doctor-centric approaches, and a dearth of person-centred social inclusion mechanisms for persons with various forms of disabilities.
The international community has repeatedly reaffirmed the fundamental rights of persons with disabilities. On 13 December 2006, the United Nations General Assembly unanimously adopted the UN Convention on the Rights of Persons (UNCRPWDs) with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol which entered into force on 20 May 2008. On July 9, the Parliament of Moldova took the momentous step of approving ratification of the Convention. It has also adopted a strategy on the inclusion of persons with disabilities.
The World Health Organization (WHO) has developed an International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF), now recognized as a primary standard for use in work with persons with disabilities toward their full inclusion in society.
In line with the above, the Ministry of Labour, Social Protection and Family has requested technical support in the development of a roadmap for the introduction of the World Health Organisation International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in Moldova, and related legal, policy, regulatory and procedural reform measures, as Foreseen under Item 3 of the Action Plan of the Government of the Republic of Moldova’s Strategy on the Social Inclusion of Persons with Disabilities 2010-2013, and based on international standards and best practices. The assignment is viewed to further facilitate the advocacy and decision-making process of the Government and Parliament to proceed with the implementation of the UNCRPWDs and more particularly, the related national legislative and institutional frameworks required to support the reforming of the social protection system targeting the persons with disabilities.
Objective: In order to move towards implementation of the UNCRPWDs and other relevant international standards and practices, as well as to further the goals of system transformation in the social inclusion of persons with disabilities in the Republic of Moldova, to provide guidance and a detailed proposal with regard to the implementation of the Roadmap for the introduction in Moldova of the World Health Organization International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health (ICF) in Moldova, and related policy and regulatory reform measures designed by the team of national experts.